Know the requirements and necessary authorizations for the departure and entry of children or infants, depending on the immigration authority of each country. You may have to comply with additional specifications if the regulations of your destination require it.
Identify the necessary documents according to your country:
If the child or baby is traveling with one of his/her parents
It is necessary to present a judicial authorization obtained in the juvenile court. Both parents' recognized signatures must appear in this document. In order to obtain it, you need to show the following documents to the court.
- Proof of residence.
- Passport of the child or baby.
- Copies of pages 1, 2 and 3 of the child's passport.
- Identity Card and Taxpayer Registration Card (Cadastro de Pessoas Físicas or CPF) of the father and mother, original plus one copy.
If the minor is traveling alone
It will be necessary to present a letter of authorization, not strictly endorsed by a judge, that expresses the approval of the father and the mother. It must have the full names and ID numbers, as well as the acknowledged signature of each parent.
Download the international travel authorization form (available in Portuguese).
- If you are traveling to a national destination with a minor from 0 to 7 years old, you must present at the airport an original physical copy of the Civil Registry of the minor (this copy is issued by the National Civil Registry for Civil Status in notaries or consulates). It is important that you carry this original document to avoid being denied boarding. Avoid carrying photocopies, photographs on mobile devices or the loss report of the document.
The new Childhood and Adolescence Code establishes additional information for the departure of Colombian and Ecuadorian children or babies from the country. Since May 8, 2007, Law 1098 of 2006, by which the Code of Childhood and Adolescence is issued, came into force, which in article 110, paragraph 1 states:
"When a child or adolescent is going to leave the country with one of the parents or with a person other than the legal representatives, he/she must previously obtain the permission of the one with whom they will not be traveling or that of those, duly authenticated before a notary or consular authority."
- The law requires, in addition to this new information, that the permit specifies the place of destination, the purpose of the trip and the date of departure and re-entry into the country.
- For more detailed information on the departure of minors in Colombia, please read the conditions at Colombia Migration y and find the Authorization Form for the departure of minors from the country (both available in Spanish).
The information contained in the above links is provided by the immigration authority and in no case is its content the responsibility of the airlines and is only provided as a guide for passengers.
- If custody of the child or infant has not been entrusted by the judge to either parent or a third party, the child may not leave without the authorization of both parents.
- If the judge entrusted custody to one of the parents or to a third party, the child or infant may not leave the country except with the authorization of the parent or third party to whom care has been granted.
- If the personal care of the child or infant has been entrusted to the parent, the child may not leave the country except with the authorization of the parent who has the care of the child or infant.
How are permissions granted?
By public or private deed. Such instruments may be granted before a local notary, endorsed by the authority established by domestic legislation, legalized by the corresponding Chilean Consulate and subsequently by this Secretary of State. In all cases, the authorization must be presented in Spanish or duly translated.
Article 111 of the Code of Children and Adolescents, Law 27337, establishes that for the travel of children or adolescents outside the country alone or accompanied by one of their parents, the authorization of both parents with notarized certification is mandatory. In case the trip is within the country, the authorization of one of the parents will suffice.
- All Spanish minors must carry their valid D.N.I. for travel outside the national territory and within the European Union, the European Economic Area or their valid passport if traveling outside such territories (third states).
- In the case of foreign minors who are in Spain, for their departure from the national territory, they must carry the passport of their respective state or valid travel document in force.
Signed declaration of permission to travel outside the national territory for Spanish minors:
- Unaccompanied minors under 18 years of age on non-domestic trips will require, in addition to the D.N.I or passport, a signed declaration of permission to travel outside the national territory. The form may be obtained at the Operational Units of the General Directorate of the Police and in those others determined by the General Directorate of the Civil Guard, courts, notaries and mayors' offices.
- Complete the Authorization form for the departure of minors abroad as a reference (available in Spanish).It will not be necessary to issue this declaration if the minor is traveling in the company of any of his/her legal representatives (parents or guardians). If the minor is traveling alone or in the company of third parties other than the aforementioned, it will be necessary to issue it. For this purpose, only the appearance of one of the legal representatives of the Spanish State Security Forces and Corps will be obligatory.
- In the case of foreign minors residing in Spain, their legal representatives, by virtue of the provisions of their respective national regulations, must go to their consular authorities to complement the appropriate documentation in accordance with their national legislation.
- For cases in which foreign minors are included in the collective authorizations for school trips, regulated by Circular 12/1995, of August 28, 1995, of the then Secretary of State for the Interior, on the entry into Spanish territory of school children, nationals of countries not members of the European Union or the European Economic Area, who reside in any of the member states of the Union, they must have individual authorizations signed by their legal representatives.
Effective as of September 1, 2019.
The new Decree of the Regulations of the Migration Law, establishes that any child, adolescent or person under legal guardianship, traveling alone or accompanied by a third party, must comply with the following requirements:
- Authorization to leave the country by whoever has parental authority or legal guardianship.
- Authorization form for the exit of minors from Mexican territory, granted by the National Migration Institute .
For more information, please turn to the guidelines for immigration procedures and formalities.
(All linked documents are avaliable in Spanish).
Article 111 of the Code of Children and Adolescents, Law 27337, establishes that for the travel of children or adolescents out of the country, alone or accompanied by one of their parents, the authorization of both parents with notarized certification is mandatory.
In case the trip is made within the country, the authorization of one of the parents will be enough.
If you are traveling with a minor under 18 years of age, and you are not his/her parent, or you have a different last name, you will be asked some questions to validate familiarity. Bring evidence of your relationship with the minor and the reason for accompanying you on the trip:
- Birth or adoption certificate indicating your relationship to the minor.
- Divorce or marriage certificates if you are the father, but have a different last name.
- A letter from the parents authorizing the child to travel with you and providing all of their contact information.
Border Force officers will try to establish the relationship between the children and the adults who are accompanying them or who are waiting for them when they arrive in the UK.
The carrying out of these checks does not affect the right to free movement within the UK and other EEA (European Economic Area) citizens.
For more information, please refer to the official Border Force brochure.
We welcome and promote local and international regulations and laws on the prevention of exploitation, pornography and sex tourism with minors, as well as the protection of the human rights of children and adolescents, and in general all those that tend to the care and defense of all vulnerable populations.
By way of reference:
- In Colombia Law 679 of 2001 and 1336 of 2009.
- In Panama Article 187 of the Penal Code.
Consult the requirements or authorizations necessary for the exit and entry of minors with the corresponding migratory authority of each country. We recommend you to carry an additional authenticated copy of this authorization, in case the migratory authority of connection or destination requires it for the entry or exit of the country.